WK Clifford online papers

Geometric Calculus in Fukui

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
He was with God in the beginning.
Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.
In him was life, and that life was the light of men.
The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it.

The Bible, John chapter 1 verses 1-5


These are scans of original papers written by William Kingdon Clifford (1845-1879). For reading you need the free Adobe PDF Reader software. In particular the second paper contains Clifford's definition of geometric algebras (Clifford algebras), the famous unification of Hamilton's quaternions with Grassmann's extensive algebra.


W.K. Clifford
Preliminary Sketch of Biquaternions
Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society 4(64,65), 381-395 (1873).
low resolution (4.57Mb) , high resolution (146Mb) , original scan (58.6Mb) , all three zip compressed (45.3Mb)

W.K. Clifford
Applications of Grassmann's Extensive Algebra
American Journal of Mathematics Pure and Applied 1, 350-358 (1878).
low resolution (2.0Mb) , high resolution (300Mb) , original scan (9.5Mb) , all three zip compressed (14.8Mb)


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